Urinary tract infections are those infections that affect any part of the urinary system – the urethra, bladder, ureters and kidneys. Such infections are usually caused by microorganisms that penetrate the urethra and can go up to the kidneys. The infections of the lower urinary tract are the most common ones – those of the urethra and bladder. There are various medications used for the treatment of urinary tract infections, details about such medications can be found on www.drugs-med.com.
Women are usually at a greater risk of developing such infections due to their physiological make-up – in females the urethra is shorter than in males, thus it’s easier for the pathogens to get into the urinary tract.
The first line of therapy for urinary tract infections is antibiotics; the type of medications and the duration of treatment usually depend on the type of the causative agent (the bacteria found in the urine) that has caused particular infection and on the severity of the patient’s condition. The right antibiotic should always be chosen by a doctor.
Simple urinary tract infections are usually treated with such antibiotics as:
Azithromycin (Zithromax, Zmax)
Sulfamethoxazole-trimethoprim (Septra, Bactrim, etc.)
Nitrofurantoin (Macrobid, Macrodantin)
Doxycycline (Vibramycin, Monodox, etc.)
In the cases of simple infections the symptoms usually go away within several days of treatment; however, that does not mean that the infection is already gone. Therefore, it’s important to take the entire course of antibiotic medication as prescribed by a doctor.
Frequent urinary tract infections might require more thorough and prolonged treatment, thus the doctor can recommend:
A single antibiotic dose after sexual intercourse provided that the recurring infections are provoked by sexual activity;
Low dose of specific antibiotics for half a year or even longer;
Vaginal therapy with estrogens in postmenopausal women.
As for severe urinary tract infections, they may require treatment in a hospital with intravenous antibiotics.
In addition to pharmaceutical treatment of urinary tract infections, patients are recommended to:
Drink a lot of water to dilute the urine and flush out the pathogens;
Avoid such drinks as coffee, soft drinks with caffeine or citrus juice and alcohol since they can irritate the bladder and aggravate the infection;
Eliminate from the diet such products as smoked meat or fish, pickled products, sauerkraut and spicy foods.