Bunions are bony bumps that are formed at the bases of your big toes. Bunions can develop in both an adult foot, and a child’s foot. Bunions form on your feet when your big toe, pushes against the toe that is next to it. Bunions develop gradually, and it is important to note this, so that you may take a keen interest in caring for your feet during childhood onwards to your early adult years. Caring for your feet also includes ankle care.

As bunions manifest physically and are visible, you can generally diagnose this condition yourself without requiring any tests or imaging in the laboratories. If not treated, bunions are chronic and can last for several years, or throughout your lifetime. Bunions may seem quite simple but in reality, bunions may cause you a lot of pain.

  1. Causes of bunions

As you have seen, bunions are simply a deformation of your big toe. This deformation may be caused or facilitated by many different factors. They include arthritis, wearing tight shoes, exerting stress upon your feet; if it runs in your family, failing to partake in feet exercises to stretch and exercise your feet among many other causes. These factors cause the bone of your first toe to get pushed inwards, against the second toe’s bone. When this happens, your first metatarsal bone alignment is disrupted. This, in turn, makes your first toe’s bone to be separated from the metatarsal bone, thus forming a bump on your toe, where your bone protrudes outwards.

  1. How to prevent bunions

Like most ailments and conditions that you may experience as an adult or child, bunions are preventable. There are many different ways in which we can prevent bunions from developing on our feet. They include; keeping track of your feet’s shape as your feet develop over time, especially if bunions are an inherent trait in your family. Exercising your feet is also a good way of strengthening your feet and preventing bunions. You should wear shoes that are a proper fit to your feet and that are comfortable so that your toes are not cramped or pinched, and finally, women should abstain from wearing high-heeled shoes or pointed toe shoes for extended periods.

  1. How do you treat bunions?

Bunions can be addressed in both surgical and non-surgical procedures. Non-surgical means it  cannot correct the deformity of your bone, but go a long way in ensuring that your bunion does not cause pain or discomfort to you. Some of them are;  Use of padding and use of toe spacers, to assist in getting rid of the pressure around the joints in your toes, lessening the friction and protecting the soft area surrounding your bunion. Another way is by employing the use of splints and also shields, to properly position your toes, thus creating more room for your toes and reducing irritation. You can use medication such as painkillers, to help in relieving pain and reducing the swelling in your bunion. Finally, you can also use cold therapy to assist in decreasing any swelling and pain, which may arise from your bunion. If these non-surgical methods do not work for you, you could opt for a surgical option. On the advice of a foot and ankle care specialist, you can undergo a surgical procedure to remove your bunion. The surgical procedure involves your foot bone being cut, and then the bump on your bone being shaved. This procedure can be performed on both an adult foot, and a child’s foot.

Bunions are treatable and manageable if you already have them. However, if you don’t have them, it is essential for you to take the correct measures to prevent their development. You can consult a specialist in adult & child foot & ankle care, to get help and receive further information, in matters that regard bunions.