Endometriosis is the second most common gynecological problem in the UK and it can really disrupt many women’s lives. It’s a condition where the womb lining starts to grow in other places, like the ovaries and fallopian tubes, which can cause discomfort for women with the condition. Unfortunately, there is no cure, but there are a variety of ways to manage the condition to prevent complications such as pain and infertility from developing. 

What treatments are available?

The treatment you choose depends entirely on the pain and severity of your condition; if you want to make a fully informed decision, visit a professional gynaecologist London-based who can talk you through your options. 

Pain medications

Endometriosis can cause severe pain during a woman’s cycle, which can cause disruption to their daily life; luckily, certain oral medications might be able to soothe this pain and help you to get on with your day-to-day activities. Period pain is often caused by an increase of prostaglandins, but ibuprofen blocks the production of these hormones and the pain associated with them. Another alternative pain treatment is a TENS machine, which delivers a mild electric current to the uterus and back to relieve pain and relax muscles. 

Hormone therapy

If pain medications simply aren’t working or if you’re looking for a more permanent solution for your endometriosis, then hormone treatments might be the best solution for you. One way to treat endometriosis is to limit the amount of oestrogen in the body, as this hormone is responsible for the growth of the womb lining. There are a variety of ways to receive hormone treatments, including taking the combined contraceptive pill. If oral contraceptives aren’t for you, then you can always consider the intrauterine system (IUS) or the contraceptive injection. However, hormone treatments aren’t the ideal option for women trying to get pregnant.

Surgery

This is the only way to remove endometriosis tissue and attempt to resolve the underlying issue behind the condition. A laparoscopy is the most commonly used surgical technique for endometriosis; during the keyhole surgery, small incisions are made in the stomach and tissues or destroyed or removed using a laser or electric current. Using this technique might improve your chances of getting pregnant. 

A hysterectomy is a last resort for some women who have tried everything but can’t keep on top of their endometriosis. During this process, your womb is removed and you may need to take HRT hormone medication to combat the side effects.