Urinary tract infections and diseases may require endoscopic surgery in case the problem is not identified through external means. These problems include kidney stones, bladder stones, and tumours, among others. In such cases, an endoscopy is recommended by the urologists specialising in these methods of diagnosis. One must be prepared for an endoscopy, not because it is major surgery, but because it is surgery nonetheless. Knowing the various aspects of the same, from start to finish makes you aware of the process. However, at the same time, one must not consider this as all of the information on the surgery.
Types of endoscopic surgery
Endoscopy for the urinary tract may be done in two ways – retrograde or antegrade. While the former indicates that the endoscopic tube will be inserted from the lower opening of the tract, the latter means that the approach is made from the skin to the kidney. In the case of retrograde urology endoscopy, the scope is inserted into the bladder and followed by the camera placed on it. Basis the images and video captured on the camera, a surgeon can identify the problem and then take the appropriate measures and suggest the next steps to the patient.
Risks and precautions for an endoscopy
Like any other surgery, small surgeries also come with their share of risks and precautions. The most prominent or common being that of perforation or tear in the gut due to the scope. In this case, a bladder tube may be placed till the perforation heals. In other cases, patients may suffer from continuous pain for the next few days which would subside eventually. In the few cases, it doesn’t; one must visit the doctor and get the same checked. Several patients also complain of problems with urinary retention for a few weeks following the procedure.